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Table 1 Patients’ demographics

From: Joint-preserving palliative surgery using self-locking screws of intramedullary nail and percutaneous cementoplasty for proximal humeral metastasis in the advanced cancer patients

Patient characteristics (n = 23) Values
Age (mean ± SD, years) 63.0 ± 11.8 (range, 36–80)
Gender (number, M:F) 14:9
Follow-up duration (mean ± SD, months) 6.3 ± 6.2 (range 0.4–22.6)
Mirel’s score  
 Score 9 7
 Score 10 16
Pre-op. pain score (visual analogue scale (VAS)) 8.2 ± 3.1 (range, 2–10)
Combined radiation therapy (pre- and/or post-op.) 21 (91.3%)
Combined chemotherapy (pre- and/or post-op.) 22 (95.7%)
  1. Op. operative