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Table 4 Complications of the patients with oesophageal cancer

From: Advantages of McKeown minimally invasive oesophagectomy for the treatment of oesophageal cancer: propensity score matching analysis of 169 cases

Complications MIE group (n =169) OE group (n = 169) P
Minor complication 22 (13.0%) 38 (22.5%) 0.023
 Pneumothorax 5 (3.0%) 8 (4.7%) 0.396
 Atelectasis 6 (3.6%) 5 (3.0%) 0.759
 Pneumonia 5 (3.0%) 17 (10.1%) 0.008
 Arrhythmia 4 (2.4%) 3 (1.8%) 1.000
 Wound infection 2 (1.2%) 5 (3.0%) 0.448
Major complication 30 (17.8%) 47 (27.8%) 0.028
 Pneumonia 2 (1.2%) 6 (3.6%) 0.283
 RLN injury 4 (2.4%) 4 (2.4%) 0.638
 Chylothorax 3 (1.8%) 2 (1.2%) 1.000
 Anastomotic leakage 8 (4.7%) 24 (14.2%) 0.003
 Delayed gastric emptying 4 (2.4%) 3 (1.8%) 1.000
 Tracheo-bronchial injury 0 (0.0%) 3 (1.8%) 0.248
 Anastomotic stricture 7 (4.1%) 3 (1.8%) 0.199
 Respiratory failure 2 (1.2%) 2 (1.2%) 1.000
In-hospital/30-day mortality 2 (1.2%) 8 (4.7%) 0.054
Postoperative hospitalisation (days) 10 (9, 12) 12 (10, 15) <0.01
  1. Minor complication: Clavien–Dindo grade 1–2. Major complications: Clavien–Dindo grade 3–5
  2. RLN recurrent laryngeal nerve