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Table 5 All postoperative complications in the study population

From: The impact of preoperative biliary drainage on postoperative outcomes in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice: a retrospective analysis of 290 consecutive cases at a single medical center

  Total (n = 290) DG (n = 131) PG (n = 159) Statistic P value
All complications 134 70 64 χ2 = 5.002 0.025
Intestinal fistula 23 10 13 χ2 = 0.029 0.865
Pancreatic fistula 20 10 10 χ2 = 0.202 0.653
Biliary fistula 1 0 1 - -
Gastrointestinal anastomotic fistula 2 0 2 - -
Abdominal liquid accumulation 31 16 15 χ2 = 0.581 0.446
Delayed gastric emptying 17 4 13 χ2 = 3.415 0.065
Hemorrhage 21 14 7 χ2 = 4.223 0.040
Hepatic failure 6 3 3 - 1.000
Reoperation 11 6 5 χ2 = 0.406 0.552
Incision complication 8 3 5 χ2 = 0.196 0.733
Mortality 6 3 3 - 1.000
Sepsis 78 41 37 χ2 = 2.354 0.125