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Table 3 Postoperative complications

From: Impact of previous abdominal surgery on robotic-assisted rectal surgery in patients with locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma: a propensity score matching study

Complications Overall   After match (1:3)  
With PAS (N = 35) Without PAS (N = 168) P value With PAS (N = 32) Without PAS (N = 96) P value
N % N % N % N %
Total complications      0.9200      0.6010
 No 28 80.0% 138 82.1%   25 78.1% 77 80.2%  
 Yes 7 20.0% 30 17.9%   7 21.9% 19 19.8%  
Type of complications    
 Anal bleeding 1 2.9% 1 0.6%   1 3.1% 0 0.0%  
 Anastomosis stenosis 3 8.5% 5 3.0%   3 9.4% 2 2.1%  
 Anastomosis leakage 0 0.0% 8 4.7%   0 0.0% 4 4.2%  
 CVC infection 1 2.9% 0 0.0%   1 3.1% 0 0.0%  
 Neck cellulitis 1 2.9% 0 0.0%   1 3.1% 0 0.0%  
 Pulmonary complication 1 2.9% 2 1.2%   1 3.1% 3 3.1%  
 Ileus 0 0.0% 6 3.6%   0 0.0% 4 4.2%  
 Intraabdominal abscess 0 0.0% 3 1.8%   0 0.0% 1 1.0%  
 Intraabdominal hematoma 0 0.0% 1 0.6%   0 0.0% 1 1.0%  
 Sexual dysfunction 0 0.0% 1 0.6%   0 0.0% 1 1.0%  
 Urinary complication 0 0.0% 3 1.8%   0 0.0% 3 3.1%  
  1. PAS previous abdominal surgery, CVC central venous catheter