Skip to main content

Table 5 Univariate and multivariate analyses of predictive factors of postoperative complications with CD IIIa and CR-POPF in the distal pancreatectomy group (N = 25)

From: Frailty is a useful predictive marker of postoperative complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy

Factor Postoperative complications with CD IIIa CR-POPF
Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
p value Odds ratio 95% Cl for Exp (B) p value Odds ratio 95% Cl for Exp (B) p value Odds ratio 95% Cl for Exp (B) p value Odds ratio 95% Cl for Exp (B)
Age (years) 0.476 1.024 0.960-1.091     0.910 0.994 0.900-1.098    
Sex (female/male) 0.611 1.556 0.284-8.531     0.765 0.643 0.036-11.631    
BMI (kg/m2) 0.126 1.230 0.944-1.603     0.804 1.048 0.726-1.512    
Smoking 0.386 0.480 0.091-2.523     0.859 0.769 0.043-13.866    
Alcohol 0.999 0.000 0.000     0.081 21.000 0.686-642.982 0.997 0.000 0.000
Disease 0.796 0.928 0.527-1.634     0.298 1.563 0.673-3.629    
Diabetes mellitus 0.915 1.110 0.192-6.286     0.578 2.286 0.124-41.985    
Antithrombotic drugs 0.621 0.542 0.048-6.144     0.219 6.667 0.323-137.403    
Operative time (min) 0.868 1.001 0.992-1.010     0.865 1.001 0.986-1.017    
Blood loss (g) 0.471 1.001 0.999-1.002     0.305 1.001 0.999-1.004    
Intraoperative transfusion 1.000 0.000 0.000     1.000 0.000 0.000    
Soft pancreas 1.000 0.000 0.000     1.000 0.000 0.000    
Albumin (g/l) 0.058 0.037 0.001-1.121 0.366 0.108 0.001-13.492 0.709 0.388 0.003-55.874    
Lymphocyte (× 103/μl) 0.492 0.999 0.998-1.001     0.099 1.002 1.000-1.004 0.997 1.020 0.000
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 0.602 1.006 0.983-1.031     0.097 0.970 0.936-1.006 0.999 0.759 0.000
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 0.697 0.887 0.484-1.625     0.993 0.995 0.344-2.881    
PNI 0.084 0.794 0.612-1.031 0.559 0.901 0.634-1.279 0.311 1.189 0.851-1.661    
CONUT score 0.511 1.760 0.326-9.510     0.671 1.875 0.103-34.131    
Sarcopenia 0.529 2.000 0.231-17.338     0.219 6.667 0.323-137.403    
Frail 0.671 1.875 0.103-34.131     0.077 22.000 0.719-672.782 0.998 0.000 0.000
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, CD Clavien-Dindo classification, COUNT controlling nutritional status, CR-POPF clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula, PNI prognostic nutritional index