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Table 3 Pathological characteristics

From: Short- and long-term outcomes for transvaginal specimen extraction versus minilaparotomy after robotic anterior resection for colorectal cancer: a mono-institution retrospective study

Parameters TVSE (n = 45) LAP (n = 45) p value
Tumor size, cm (mean ± SD) 3.5 ± 1.3 3.6 ± 1.2 0.595
Proximal margin, cm (mean ± SD) 12.4 ± 8.6 11.6 ± 8.3 0.568
Distal margin, cm (mean ± SD) 3.8 ± 1.5 4.2 ± 2.3 0.326
Retrieved lymph node, n (mean ± SD) 15.9 ± 5.3 14.8 ± 4.7 0.360
Positive lymph node, n (mean ± SD) 1.1 ± 2.6 1.1 ± 2.7 1.000
Histologic differentiation, n (%)    0.950
 Well 10 (22.2) 9 (20)  
 Moderate 32 (71.1) 34 (75.6)  
 Poor 3 (6.7) 2 (4.4)  
TNM stage, n (%)    0.857
 I 10 (22.2) 12 (26.6)  
 II 15 (33.4) 15 (33.4)  
 III 20 (44.4) 18 (40)  
  1. TVSE totally robotic anterior resection with transanal specimen extraction, LAP robotic anterior resection with minilaparotomy, SD standard deviation