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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of the study population

From: Significance of bile culture surveillance for postoperative management of pancreatoduodenectomy

Ageyears67.3 ± 9.9
DiseasePancreas tumor/bile duct tumor/duodenal tumor40/22/7
Smoking historyCurrent (never or ever)17 (24.6%)
Body mass index 22.3 ± 2.9
Diabetes mellitus 22 (31.9%)
Preoperative biliary stent placement 34 (49.3%)
Surgical procedurePD/PPPD/SSPPD11/8/50
Episode of preoperative cholangitis 13 (18.9%)
  1. Abbreviations: PD pancreatoduodenectomy, PPPD pylorus preserving pancreatoduodenectomy, SSPPD subtotal stomach preserving pancreatoduodenectomy