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Table 1 Univariate analysis of factors associated with the choice of BCS or mastectomy for patients eligible for BCS

From: Non-doctoral factors influencing the surgical choice of Chinese patients with breast cancer who were eligible for breast-conserving surgery

Patient characteristicsBCS (n = 65)Mastectomy (n = 84)P value
Age, years
 Mean ± SD48.54 ± 9.5255.50 ± 14.030.0008*
 Median (range)47 (25–71)55 (28–85)
Menstrual status, years, no. (%)
 Premenopausal38 (58.5)36 (42.9)0.07
 Postmenopausal27 (41.5)48 (57.1)
Place of residence, no. (%)
 Urban61 (93.8)52 (61.9)< 0.001*
 Rural4 (6.2)32 (38.1)
 Within Nanjing region37 (56.9)53 (63.1)0.5007
 Outside Nanjing28 (43.1)31 (36.9)
Insurance status, no. (%)
 General medicare insurance61 (93.8)43 (51.2)< 0.001*
 No or low-level medicare insurance4 (6.2)41 (48.8)
Household income, $, no. (%)
 > 1500 per year41 (63.1)18 (21.4)< 0.001*
 ≤ 1500 per year24 (36.9)66 (78.6)
Level of education, no. (%)
 Bachelor’s degree or above39 (60.0)21 (25.0)< 0.001*
 Other26 (40.0)63 (75.0)
Confirmed diagnosis to surgery interval, no. (%)
 ≤ 3 days50 (76.9)38 (45.2)0.0001*
 > 3 days15 (23.1)46 (54.8)
Admission to surgery interval, no. (%)
 ≤ 3 days33 (50.8)24 (28.6)0.0068*
 > 3 days32 (49.2)60 (71.4)
Pathological type before surgery, no. (%)
 Invasive carcinoma41 (63.1)67 (79.8)0.0644
 Carcinoma in situ9 (13.8)8 (9.5)
 Others15 (23.1)9 (10.7)
Confirmed diagnosis before surgery, no. (%)
 Yes50 (76.9)75 (89.3)0.0465*
 No15 (23.1)9 (10.7)
Clinically positive nodes, no. (%)
 Yes15 (23.1)28 (33.3)0.2036
 No50 (76.9)56 (66.7)
Tumor size (mm) (mean ± SD)17.32 ± 6.3118.10 ± 6.680.4696
  1. BCS breast-conserving surgery
  2. *P < 0.05