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Table 3 Intraoperative perforation, residual tumor and local recurrence of 46 patients with early radical surgery after local excision of rectal carcinoma

From: Local excision followed by early radical surgery in rectal cancer: long-term outcome

  al pT1 pT2 pT3 p
n 46 16 23 7  
Tumor size (cm) (median) 2.8 2.4 3.0 3.0  
Intraoperative perforation 10 (22%) 0 7 (30%) 3 (43%) 0.03
Residual tumor rectal wall 6 (13%) 0 3 (13%) 3 (43%) 0.01
Lymph node metastases 9 (20%) 1 (6%) 4 (17%) 4 (57%) 0.028
Local recurrence 3 (7%) 1 (6%) 0 2 (29%) 0.03