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Table 1 Characteristics of the 46 patients with rectal cancer treated with local excision followed by radical surgery

From: Local excision followed by early radical surgery in rectal cancer: long-term outcome

  Pathological characteristics
   pT and pN category
Age (years)     
Median 64.3  pT1 16 (35%)  
Range 33.6–78.0  pT2 23 (50%)  
    pT3 7 (15%)  
Male/female 27/19    
    pN0 37 (80%)  
    pN1 7 (15%)  
Tumor size (cm)    pN2 2 (4%)  
Median 2.8    
Range 0.7–6  pT1N+ 1 (6%)  
    pT2N+ 4 (17%)  
    pT3N+ 4 (57%)  
Tumor site     
 Lower third 8 (18%) Grading   
 Middle third 22 (48%)  G1/2 35 (76%)  
 Upper third 16 (34%)  G3/4 11 (24%)  
Type of resection   Lymphovascular invasion  
 TEM 38 (83%)  L0 4 (9%)  
  Full thickness 28  L1 7 (15%)  
  Partial 10  LX 35 (76%)  
 TAE 8 (17%)    
  Full thickness 1    
  Partial 6    
  Unclear 1    
  1. TEM transanal endoscopic micro surgery, TAE transanal excision, LX lymphovascular invasion not determined