Skip to main content

Table 4 ORs and 95% CIs of chili pepper for CRC in different groups

From: The consumption of chili peppers and the risk of colorectal cancer: a matched case-control study

Subgroups Variable Cases N(%) Controls N(%) OR(95% CI) P
Low red meat
(≤ 7 times per week)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 39(27.08) 88(41.12) Reference  
3–7 55(38.19) 80(37.38) 1.0(0.69–1.6) 0.826
> 7 50(34.72) 46(21.50) 1.3(0.80–2.0) 0.326
High red meat
(> 7 times per week)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 56(21.88) 48(25.81) Reference  
3–7 59(23.05) 50(26.88) 0.96(0.65–1.4) 0.835
> 7 141(55.08) 88(47.31) 1.1(0.76–1.5) 0.736
Low cured meat
(< 24 times per year)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 36(25.00) 101(42.08) Reference  
3–7 38(26.39) 78(32.50) 1.2(0.78–2.0) 0.362
> 7 70(48.61) 61(25.42) 1.6(1.1–2.5) 0.022
High cured meat
(≥ 24 times per year)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 59(23.05) 35(21.88) Reference  
3–7 76(29.69) 52(32.50) 0.90(0.63–1.3) 0.539
> 7 121(47.27) 73(45.63) 0.89(0.65–1.2) 0.499
Low high-fat food
(≤ 2 times per week)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤2 75(27.47) 104(36.88) Reference  
3-7 69(25.27) 87(30.85) 0.98(0.70–1.4) 0.907
>7 129(47.25) 91(32.27) 1.1(0.84–1.5) 0.404
High high-fat food
(> 2 times per week)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 20(15.75) 32(27.12) Reference  
3–7 45(35.43) 43(36.44) 1.1(0.65–1.9) 0.700
> 7 62(48.82) 43(36.44) 1.1(0.66–1.9) 0.666
Low daily sitting
(< 8 h)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 70(23.65) 118(35.01) Reference  
3–7 91(30.74) 113(33.53) 1.1(0.78–1.5) 0.624
> 7 135(45.61) 106(31.45) 1.2(0.92–1.7) 0.157
High daily sitting
(≥ 8 h)
Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 25(24.04) 18(28.57) Reference  
3–7 23(22.12) 17(26.98) 0.98(0.53–1.8) 0.944
> 7 56(53.85) 28(44.44) 0.95(0.57–1.6) 0.852
Not regular drinking Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤2 69(25.27) 105(38.32) Reference  
3–7 84(30.77) 95(34.67) 1.1(0.76–1.5) 0.761
>7 120(43.96) 74(27.01) 1.2(0.88–1.6) 0.262
Regular drinking Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 26(20.47) 31(24.60) Reference  
3–7 30(23.62) 35(27.78) 0.93(0.54–1.6) 0.776
> 7 71(55.91) 60(47.62) 1.0(0.64–1.6) 0.922
Not regular smoking Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤2 57(25.22) 88(38.26) Reference  
3-7 68(30.09) 77(33.48) 1.1(0.78–1.6) 0.525
>7 101(44.69) 65(28.26) 1.2(0.85–1.7) 0.298
Regular smoking Chili peppers
(times per week)
    
≤ 2 38(21.84) 48(28.24) Reference  
3–7 46(26.44) 53(31.18) 0.89(0.57–1.4) 0.606
> 7 90(51.72) 69(40.59) 1.1(0.71–1.6) 0.792