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Table 1 Patients included in the case series

From: Reconstruction of composite defects of the scalp and neurocranium—a treatment algorithm from local flaps to combined AV loop free flap reconstruction

Patient Free flap Pedicled flap Flap Recipient vessels Indication for reconstruction Gender Age
1 1 Latissimus dorsi flap Superior thyroid artery, external jugular vein Chronic osteomyelitis, liquor fistula following meningioma resection W 65
2 1 Rectus abdominis flap Lingual artery, internal jugular vein Infected seroma, liquorrhoe following meningioma resection and radiation W 49
3 1 Latissimus dorsi flap Lingual artery, internal jugular vein Infected bone cement, wound healing disorder, chronic osteomyelitis following dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans resection W 51
4 1
1
1 Rectus abdominis flap
Latissimus dorsi flap
Scalp rotation flap
External carotid artery, internal jugular vein
external carotid artery, external jugular vein
Subdural abscess, liquor fistula
wound healing disorder following meningioma resection and radiation
M 67
68
69
5 1 Scalp rotation flap + Temporalis fascia flap + split skin graft Epidural empyema following resection of breast cancer metastasis and radiation W 58
6 1 Radial forearm flap AV Loop (common carotid artery, internal jugular vein) Wound healing disorder, infected bone cement following radiation and meningioma/neurofibroma resection W 48
7 1 Pedicled trapezius flap + split skin graft Meningioma resection hydrocephalus W 81
8 1 Rectus abdominis flap Superior thyroid artery, internal jugular vein Liquor fistula, recurrent meningitis following glioblastoma resection and radiation M 56
9 1 Radial forearm flap Superficial temporal artery and vein
(revision: external jugular vein + vein graft)
Infected bioglass prosthesis and wound healing deficit following craniocerebral injury W 46
10 1 Rectus abdominis flap External carotid artery, retromandibular vein Recurrent abscess and wound healing disorder following meningioma resection W 62
11 1 Latissimus dorsi flap Superficial temporal artery and vein Squamous cell carcinoma resection M 81
12 1 Latissimus dorsi flap Superficial temporal artery, retromandibular vein Squamous cell carcinoma resection M 74
13 1 1 Scalp rotation flap
Latissimus dorsi flap

superior thyroid artery, retromandibular vein (revision: lingual artery)
Wound healing disorder following adenoid cystic carcinoma resection tumor recurrence W 45
46
14 1 Juri flap + split skin graft Squamous cell carcinoma M 74
15 1 Latissimus dorsi flap Superficial temporal artery and vein Wound healing disorder following glioblastoma resection and radiation W 47
16 1 Latissimus dorsi flap Superficial temporal artery and vein Liquor fistula, wound healing disorder following glioblastoma resection and radiation W 43
17 1 1 Scalp rotation flap
Latissimus dorsi flap

Superficial temporal artery and vein
Liquor fistula and wound healing disorder following meningioma resection and radiation M 44
46
18 1 Seratus anterior flap Superficial temporal artery and vein Wound healing disorder and liquor fistula following aneurysm surgery M 59
19 1 Latissimus dorsi flap Superficial temporal artery and vein Skin necrosis, infection, exposed shunt system following trauma W 68
20 1 1 Scalp rotation flap
Latissimus dorsi flap
Superficial temporal artery and vein Recurrent abscesses and wound healing disorder following meningioma resection M 65
21 1 Scalp rotation flap Abscess, exposed bone/osteosynthesis material following astrocytoma resection W 61
22 1 Scalp rotation flap Angiosarcoma, radiation M 88
23 1 Scalp rotation flap Glioblastoma, radiation W 69