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Table 3 Surgical outcomes

From: Comparative study between colonic metallic stent and anal tube decompression for Japanese patients with left-sided malignant large bowel obstruction

  TDT group (n = 33) CMS group (n = 26) p value
Surgical approach < 0.01
 Laparoscopic (%) 0 20 (76.9)  
 Open (%) 33 (100) 6 (23.1)  
Surgical procedure
 Partial resection 1 0
 Left hemicolectomy 4 3  
 Sigmoidectomy 8 1  
 Hartmann procedure 7 6  
 Anterior resection 13 16  
Operative time, minutes (range)* 205 (100–447) 367 (210–597) < 0.01
Blood loss, g (range)* 205 (0–1275) 102 (0–1492) 0.369
Stoma creation during primary operation (%) 12 (36.4) 8 (30.8) 0.862
Postoperative complications (%) (the Clavien-Dindo classification) 0.151
 Grade 0 24 (72.7) 16 (61.5)  
  1 4 (12.1) 1 (3.9)  
  2 4 (12.1) 7 (26.9)  
  3 1 (3.1) 2 (7.7)  
  4 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Surgical site infection (%) 0.685
 Positive 4 (12.1) 2 (7.7)  
 Negative 29 (78.9) 24 (92.3)  
Hospital stay, days (range)* 28 (14–75) 27.5 (12–114) 0.502
Stoma reversal (%) 2 (6.1) 2 (7.7)  
Permanent stoma creation (%) 10 (30.3) 6 (23.1) 0.745
  1. *median, TDT = trans-anal decompression tube, CMS = colonic metallic stent