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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factor for (a) all grade of postoperative pancreatic fistula and (b) grades B to C of postoperative pancreatic fistula

From: A pancreatic zone at higher risk of fistula after enucleation

a) POPF
(n = 23)%
No POPF
(n = 24)%
Univariate
P value
Odd ratio
[95% CI]
Multivariate
P value
Gender    
 Male 8 (35) 4 (17) .19   
 Female 15 (65) 20 (83)    
Age (years old) 52 56 .39
BMI (kg/m2) 24.6 22 .7 .17
Pancreatic zones    .03 2.03 [1.01–4.07] .048
 1 8 (35) 12 (50)    
 2 2 (9) 7 (29)    
 3 13 (56) 5 (21)    
Distance to main duct (mm)    
 ≤ 2 mm 10 (44) 11 (46) 1   
 > 2 mm 13 (46) 13 (54)    
Tumor morphology    1
 Cystic 13 (47) 12 (50)    
 Solid 10 (44) 12 (50)    
Tumor size (mm) 24 22 .55
Laparoscopic approach 5 (22) 6 (25) 1
Operative duration (min) 205 180 .26
b) POPF B/C
(n = 15)%
No POPF B/C
(n = 32)%
Univariate
P value
Odd ratio [95% CI] Multivariate
P value
Gender    .16
 Male 6 (40) 6 (19)    
 Female 9 (60) 26 (81)    
Age (years old) 54 53 .85
BMI (kg/m2) 24.6 23.1 .32
Pancreatic zones    .02 2.06 [1.01–4.3] .05
 1 3 (20) 17 (53)    
 2 2 (13) 7 (22)    
 3 10 (67) 8 (25)    
Distance to main duct (mm)    .15   
 ≤ 2 mm 9 (60) 12 (38)  
 > 2 mm 6 (40) 20 (62)    
Tumor morphology    .99   
 Cystic 8 (53) 17 (53)  
 Solid 7 (47) 15 (47)    
Tumor size (mm) 22 22 .98
Laparoscopic approach 2 (13) 9 (28) .27
Operative duration (min) 200 190 .53
  1. BMI body mass index, POPF postoperative pancreatic fistula, CI confidence interval