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Table 3 Procedural details and perioperative data

From: Two-port laparoscopic anterior resection through a self-made glove device versus conventional laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer: a comparison of short-term surgical results

  TPLAR (n = 27) CLAR (n = 30) p value
Duration of procedure (min), median (range) 120 (100–160) 115 (80–140) 0.099
Blood loss (mL), median (range) 30 (10–60) 40 (10–70) 0.084
Conversion to open surgery, n (%) 1 (3.7) 0 (0.0) 0.474
Intraoperative complication, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Length of abdominal incision (cm), median (range) 5.1 (4.5–16.3) 8.2 (7.0–10.0) <0.001
Distal resection margin (cm), median (range) 2 (1.7–2.3) 2 (1.6–2.5) 0.993
No. of harvested lymph nodes, median (range) 15 (11–19) 16 (11–23) 0.086
Postoperative TNM stage    0.488
 I, n (%) 2 (7.4) 1 (3.3)  
 II, n (%) 11 (40.7) 9 (30.0)  
 III, n (%) 14 (51.9) 20 (66.7)  
Reoperation, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Postoperative complication, n (%) 1 (3.7) 3 (10.0) 0.613
Duration until ambulation (h), median (range) 18 (15–22) 17 (10–26) 0.261
Duration until first flatus (h), median (range) 51 (39–63) 52.5 (42–240) 0.243
Length of postoperative hospital stay (d), median (range) 9 (7–13) 8 (7–21) 0.060
Overall hospital costs ($), median (range) 6366 (5892–7465) 6711 (5983–7679) 0.676
Readmission, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
  1. TPLAR two-port laparoscopic anterior resection, CLAR conventional laparoscopic anterior resection