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Table 3 Severity of surgical complication

From: Emergency management with resection versus proximal stoma or stent treatment and planned resection in malignant left-sided colon obstruction

  Acute Staged resection p value
Resection Stoma Stent
n = 57 (%) n = 23 (%) n = 20(%)
Number of complication 20 (35) 8 (35)a 6 (30) 0.207b
 Clavien-Dindo grade
  I     
  II 5 1 3  
  IIIa + b 8 7 2  
  IVa + b 0 0 1  
  V 7 0 0  
  1. aThree complications were related to the first operation, stoma creation
  2. bAnalysis of complications with Pearson chi-square test and linear-by-linear association. Values in parentheses are percentage unless otherwise indicated