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Table 2 Operative findings and postoperative clinical course

From: Totally laparoscopic gastrectomy using intracorporeally stapler or hand-sewn anastomosis for gastric cancer: a single-center experience of 478 consecutive cases and outcomes

  TLTG (n = 99) TLDG (n = 379) Total (n = 478)
Stapler (n = 40) Hand-sewn (n = 59) Stapler (n = 341) Hand-sewn (n = 38)
Operation time (min) 284.3 ± 45.6 (230–380) 257.4 ± 47.2 (170–350) 213.8 ± 45.1(120–360) 221.4 ± 26.8 (180–280) 225.7 ± 49.6 (120–380)
Anastomotic time (min) 47.9 ± 17.1(25–90) 46.3 ± 10.8 (29–67) 23.1 ± 5.1 (13–45) 33.5 ± 7.7 (21–50) 30.0 ± 14.0 (13–90)
Blood loss (mL) 83.8 ± 35.2 (30–200) 87.6 ± 42.4 (30–200) 101.4 ± 69.5 (10–400) 94.7 ± 30.3 (50–150) 97.7 ± 62.2 (10–400)
Retrieved lymph nodes 32.9 ± 5.3 (24–45) 38.9 ± 13.4 (25–42) 32.6 ± 9.7 (9–81) 30.8 ± 8.4 (21–55) 33.2 ± 10.1 (9–81)
First flatus (days) 3.9 ± 1.1 (2–7) 3.7 ± 1.0 (2–6) 3.7 ± 1.2 (1–9) 3.3 ± 0.8 (2–5) 3.7 ± 1.1 (1–9)
Liquid diet (days) 5.1 ± 1.0 (3–7) 4.8 ± 1.2 (3–8) 4.7 ± 2.0 (2–18) 4.4 ± 0.9 (3–7) 4.7 ± 1.8 (2–18)
Soft diet (days) 6.5 ± 1.2 (4–11) 6.6 ± 1.5 (4–12) 6.6 ± 2.6 (3–20) 6.4 ± 1.2 (4–9) 6.6 ± 2.3 (3–20)
Postoperative hospital stay (days) 10.5 ± 2.5 (8–20) 9.4 ± 2.9 (6–22) 9.6 ± 3.4 (4–23) 9.3 ± 1.7 (7–13) 9.6 ± 3.2 (4–23)
  1. Data are means ± standard deviations (range)