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Table 1 Demographic data and disease factors in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma and retrohepatic caval thrombus

From: Surgery for retrohepatic caval thrombus in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma: a case series

Variable Number of patients Percent (%)
Sex   
 M 14 70
 F 6 30
Age in years   
 Mean 56  
 Range 35–73  
Symptoms   
 Hematuria 15  
 Weight loss 9  
 Flank pain 6  
 Prior pulmonary embolism (PE) 4  
 Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) below renal veins 6  
Localization of tumor   
 Left kidney 2  
 Right kidney 14  
 Left lobe of liver 1  
Size of tumor within kidney   
 Mean 13.4  
 Range 6.7–16.9  
Thrombus level within inferior vena cava (IVC) Retrohepatic 100
Distant metastases 6  
Lymph node involvement 17  
IVC wall infiltration 6  
Accompany diseases   
 Chronic heart disease 7  
 Diabetes 4  
 Hypertension 6