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Table 5 Postoperative inflammation, oxygenation index, and pain score compared between two groups

From: Comparison of thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy with cervical anastomosis with McKeown esophagectomy for middle esophageal cancer

  ME group (n = 62) TE group (n = 51) p
Body temperature (°C)
 Pre 36.7 ± 0.4 36.6 ± 0.5 0.240
 Post 38.2 ± 0.7 38.1 ± 0.8 0.480
 POD 1 38.3 ± 0.8 37.8 ± 0.7 0.0007**
 POD 2 37.5 ± 0.6 37.1 ± 0.4 0.0001**
 POD 3 37.1 ± 0.5 36.9 ± 0.6 0.056
 POD 5 36.6 ± 0.6 36.8 ± 0.5 0.060
Heart rate (bpm)
 Pre 76.8 ± 8.4 78.6 ± 9.6 0.290
 Post 88.4 ± 7.8 86.5 ± 8.4 0.216
 POD 1 106.4 ± 7.4 98.7 ± 8.4 <0.0001#
 POD 2 99.7 ± 8.5 95.8 ± 7.5 0.012*
 POD 3 92.4 ± 6.8 88.9 ± 7.6 0.011*
 POD 5 82.9 ± 8.4 80.7 ± 9.5 0.194
White blood cell (×109/L)
 Pre 5.5 ± 1.1 5.6 ± 1.2 0.645
 Post 8.8 ± 2.1 8.7 ± 1.8 0.789
 POD 1 10.6 ± 1.4 9.8 ± 1.4 0.003*
 POD 2 11.1 ± 1.3 10.4 ± 1.5 0.009*
 POD 3 12.2 ± 1.2 11.5 ± 1.1 0.002*
 POD 5 10.1 ± 0.9 9.8 ± 1.2 0.132
Respiratory rate (t/m)
 Pre 15.4 ± 2.6 15.6 ± 2.8 0.695
 Post 20.6 ± 3.2 18.5 ± 2.8 0.0004**
 POD 1 19.4 ± 2.4 17.9 ± 2.5 0.0016*
 POD 2 18.7 ± 3.5 17.5 ± 3.2 0.062
 POD 3 18.6 ± 3.1 17.5 ± 2.9 0.056
 POD 5 17.3 ± 1.9 16.9 ± 2.2 0.302
C-reactive protein (mg/L)
 Pre 7.2 ± 3.1 6.8 ± 2.5 0.459
 Post 13.4 ± 2.4 11.5 ± 1.8 <0.0001#
 POD 1 14.8 ± 1.3 12.5 ± 2.1 <0.0001#
 POD 2 13.5 ± 1.5 11.5 ± 1.7 <0.0001#
 POD 3 11.5 ± 1.6 11.6 ± 1.5 0.735
 POD 5 10.2 ± 1.9 10.7 ± 2.1 0.187
Oxygenation index (PO2/FiO2)
 Pre 356.5 ± 32.2 361.2 ± 31.5 0.437
 Post 327.6 ± 28.6 338.4 ± 26.8 0.042*
 POD 1 318.6 ± 31.6 345.6 ± 28.9 <0.0001#
 POD 2 328.8 ± 29.6 342.6 ± 34.3 0.023*
 POD 3 331.5 ± 31.7 351.6 ± 29.5 0.001*
 POD 5 348.8 ± 32.8 358.4 ± 31.5 0.118
Pain score
 Post 6.2 ± 0.5 5.5 ± 0.6 <0.0001#
 POD 1 5.5 ± 0.6 3.6 ± 1.2 <0.0001#
 POD 2 3.3 ± 0.4 3.0 ± 0.7 0.005*
 POD 3 3.1 ± 0.6 2.7 ± 0.8 0.003*
 POD 5 1.8 ± 0.5 1.6 ± 0.7 0.079
  1. ME McKeown esophagectomy, TE thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy, pre preoperative, Post postoperative, POD postoperative day, bpm beats per minute, t/m times per minute, PO2 partial pressure of oxygen, FiO2 fraction of inspired oxygen
  2. *p < 0.05; **p <0.001
  3. # p <0.0001