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Table 1 Demographic and rectal cancer-related information ( N= 75)

From: A longitudinal study of gender differences in quality of life among Japanese patients with lower rectal cancer treated with sphincter-saving surgery: a 1-year follow-up

  Men ( n= 42) Women ( n= 33) P value
Mean age (SD) in years 60.6 (10.6) 57.5 (7.6) 0.160
Occupational status (%)
Employed full or part-time 14 33.3 15 45.5 0.285
Unemployed 28 66.7 18 54.5
Marital status
Married 41 97.6 32 97.0 1.000
Other 1 2.4 1 3.0
Living with others
No 1 2.4 4 12.1 0.093
Yes 41 97.6 29 87.9
Clinical stage (tumor node metastasis)
I 22 52.4 18 54.5 0.488
II 6 14.3 7 21.2
IIIa 9 21.4 3 9.1
IIIb 5 11.9 5 15.2
Surgery type
ISR (temporary ileostomies) 11 (11) 26.2 5 (4) 15.2 0.099
ULAR (temporary ileostomies) 16 (7) 38.1 8 (2) 24.2  
LAR 15 35.7 20 60.6  
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
No 36 88.1 32 97.0 0.096
Yes 6 11.9 1 3.0
Adjuvant chemotherapy
No 24 57.1 21 63.6 0.371
Yes 18 42.9 12 36.4
Radiation
No 42 100.0 33 100.0 1.000
Yes 0 0.0 0 0.0  
  1. Surgery: ISR intersphincteric resection, ULAR ultra-low anterior resection, LAR low anterior resection.