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Table 2 Comparison of patients’ clinical characteristics in the surgical and nonsurgical groups

From: Surgical decompression improves recovery from neurological deficit and may provide a survival benefit in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma-associated spinal cord compression: a case-series study

Characteristic Surgical group (n = 6) Nonsurgical group (n = 5) P value
Age (years) 45.3 ± 7.7 59.2 ± 3.9 0.247a
Gender    0.545b
 Male 1 (16.7%) 2 (40.0%)  
 Female 5 (83.3%) 3 (60.0%)  
Time from symptoms and signs to treatment (days) 3.5 ± 1.1 10.8 ± 5.5 0.329a
Performance status (ECOG)    0.455b
  < 2 2 (33.3%) 0 (0.0%)  
  ≥ 2 4 (66.7%) 5 (100.0%)  
Lactate dehydrogenase (IU/l) 300.8 ± 38.4 433.2 ± 149.6 0.792a
Extra-nodal involvement >1 site    0.242b
 Yes 2 (33.3%) 4 (80.0%)  
 No 4 (66.7%) 1 (20.0%)  
Stage    0.545b
 1 3 (50.0%) 1 (20.0%)  
 4 3 (50.0%) 4 (80.0%)  
International Prognostic Index score    0.545b
 Low/low-intermediate 3 (50.0%) 1 (20.0%)  
 High/high-intermediate 3 (50.0%) 4 (80.0%)  
Neurological deficit recovery    0.015b
 Complete 6 (100.0%) 1 (20.0%)  
 Partial 0 (0.0%) 4 (80.0%)  
Overall survival (months) 48.6 ± 13.7 17.8 ± 3.4 0.177a
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard error of the mean or number (percentage). ECOG, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. aMann–Whitney U test. bFisher’s exact test.