Skip to main content

Table 1 Cases of ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma accompanied by hemothorax

From: Hemothorax caused by spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature

References Agea Sex Viral infection Location of hemothorax Source of hemorrhage Hemostatic procedures Outcomeb Cause of death
Hino[8] 71 Male Non B Right Mediastinal (lymph node) metastasis Nc Dead (1 day) RF, HF
Sato[9] 71 Female Non B Right Thoracic vertebrae metastasis Nc Dead (within 1 day) Shock
Lin[10] 31 Male B Left Chest wall metastasis Nc Dead (2 months) Cancer death
Kohno[11] 53 Male Nd Left Rib metastasis TAE Dead (3 months) Cancer death
Sohara[16] 67 Male Non B Right Primary HCC with direct invasionc Nc Dead (2 weeks) HF
Sekiya[12] 79 Male Non B Right Rib metastasis Nc Dead (17 hours) Shock
Akimura[13] 68 or 69 Male Non B Left Lung metastasis Nc Dead (36 hours) Shock
Kanou[6] 65 Male C Right Primary HCC with direct invasionc TAE Dead (3 months) Rupture of EV
Takagi[14] 55 or 56 Female Non B Left Pleural metastasis Nc Dead (2 weeks) RF
Masumoto[5] 64 Male C Right Primary HCC with direct invasionc TAE Dead (3 months) Cancer death
Ogata[15] 64 Male B & C Right Rib metastasis Nc Dead (26 hours) RF, HF
Sohara[16] 64 Female C Right Pleural metastasis Nc Dead (within 1 day) Shock
Ishikawa[7] 59 Male C Right Primary HCC with direct invasionc TAE & Surgery Dead (7 months) Cancer death
Shiozawa[17] 68 Male B Right Mediastinal lymph node metastasis TAE Alive (>12 months)  
Wei[18] 42 Male B Left Chest wall metastasis Surgery Dead (6 days) MOF
Tan[19] 62 Male Nd Right Rib metastasis Nd Dead (nd) Shock
Our case 56 Female B Right Primary HCC TAE Alive (>2 years)  
  1. aestimated age at the onset of hemothorax; bduration of survival after the onset of hemothorax; cdirect invasion into the pleural cavity; Non B, negative hepatitis B antigen while hepatitis C virus infection was not examined; B, positive hepatitis B antigen; C, positive hepatitis C antibody; Nc, not carried out; Nd, not described; TAE transcatheter arterial embolization, RF respiratory failure, HF hepatic failure, MOF multiple organ failure, EV esophageal varices, HCC hepatocellular carcinoma.