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Table 3 Short-term outcomes of the intracorporeal and extracorporeal anastomosis groups

From: Comparison of short-term and medium-term outcomes between intracorporeal anastomosis and extracorporeal anastomosis for laparoscopic left hemicolectomy

  IAa (n = 40) EAb (n = 77) p-value
Pain scale, NRSc
 PODd 0 4.5 ± 2.0 4.0 ± 1.8 0.158
 PODd 1 3.6 ± 1.8 4.0 ± 1.8 0.301
 PODd 2 2.8 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.5 0.665
 PODd 3 2.2 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 1.0 0.659
Morphine (mg) 10.6 ± 1.4 10.9 ± 1.6 0.906
Bowel movement (days)
 Time to first flatus passage 2.1 ± 1.1 2.5 ± 1.6 0.234
 Time to first stool passage 3.7 ±2.3 4.6 ± 2.5 0.067
 Tolerate liquid diet 2.9 ± 1.6 4.4 ± 3.0 0.006
 Tolerate soft diet 4.6 ± 1.9 6.1 ± 3.1 0.007
Complications 1 7 0.565
Early morbidity, n (%) 0 (0) 6 (7.8) 0.07
Discharged morbidity, n (%) 1 (2.5) 1 (1.3) 0.634
Clavien-Dindo classification
 Grade 1 0 2  
 Grade 2 1 3  
 Grade 3 0 2  
 Grade 4 0 0  
 Grade 5 0 0  
Mortality 0 0  
Hospital stay (days) 5.7 ± 1.9 7.7 ± 3.4 0.001
PODd 3 lab
 WBCe (1000/uL) 10.3 ± 3.8 10.7 ± 3.4 0.853
 Segment (%) 79.2 ± 8.3 76.4 ± 7.1 0.077
 CRPf (mg/L) 105 ± 70 70 ± 44 0.009
  1. Abbreviations: aIntracorporeal anastomosis, bExtracorporeal anastomosis, cNumeric rating scale, dPostoperative day, eWhite blood cell, fC-reactive protein