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Table 1 Comparison of clinical outcomes between patients with and without POPF after distal pancreatectomy

From: The pancreas-to-muscle signal intensity ratio on T1-weighted MRI as a predictive biomarker for postoperative pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy: a single-center retrospective study

  Patients with POPF (n = 29) Patients without POPF (n = 88) p-value
Diagnosis days of POPF (day) 7 (3–25) - -
Grade of POPFa    -
 Grade B 27 (93.1) -  
 Grade C 2 (6.9) -  
Treatment for POPF ・Drain replacement and irrigation 19 (65.5) - -
・Endoscopic transgastric drainage 7 (24.1)
・Antibiotics and octreotide 3 (10.4)
Postoperative death within 30 days 2 (6.9) 0 (0.0) 0.06
Hospital days (days) 35 (12–121) 13 (7–23) <0.01
  1. Data are expressed as median (range) or number of patients (percentage)
  2. POPF Postoperative pancreatic fistula
  3. aInternational Study Group (ISGPS) definition and grading of POPF as follows: grade B, symptomatic fistula requiring therapeutic intervention such as antibiotics and percutaneous drainage; grade C, symptomatic fistula associated with a severe general condition of patients, sepsis, and multiorgan failure requiring aggressive treatment in the intensive care unit and surgical intervention
  4. p < 0.05