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Table 1 The distribution of clinicopathological characteristics in 7103 GCA patients treated with different surgical approaches, n (%)

From: Transthoracic, thoracoabdominal, and transabdominal surgical approaches for gastric cardia adenocarcinomas: a survival evaluation based on a cohort of 7103 patients

Characteristics No. of patients examined Transthoracic (n = 5657) Thoracoabdominal (n = 942) Transabdominal (n = 504) p-Value
Sex         0.24
Male 5600 4439 (79) 762 (81) 399 (79)  
Female 1503 1218 (21) 180 (19) 105 (21)  
Age (years)          < 0.001*
< 40 64 44 (1) 15 (2) 5 (1)  
40–49 550 430 (7) 92 (10) 28 (5)  
50–59 2061 1692 (30) 258 (27) 111 (22)  
60–69 3145 2487 (44) 408 (43) 250 (50)  
70–79 1224 966 (17) 161 (17) 97 (19)  
 ≥ 80 59 38 (1) 8 (1) 13 (3)  
Tumor stage          < 0.001†
0 30 24 (1) 4 (1) 2 (1)  
I 328 250 (4) 38 (4) 40 (8)  
II 2991 2448 (43) 397 (42) 146 (29)  
III 3541 2813 (50) 454 (48) 274 (54)  
IV 213 122 (2) 49 (5) 42 (8)  
N stage         0.06
N0 2737 2218 (39) 344 (36) 175 (35)  
N1 4366 3439 (61) 598 (64) 329 (65)  
  1. *Significant difference between the transthoracic and thoracoabdominal groups in the < 40 subgroup; significant difference between the thoracoabdominal and transabdominal groups in the 40 subgroups; significant difference between the transthoracic and transabdominal groups in the 50 subgroups and 60 subgroups; no significant difference among all three groups in the 70 subgroups; significant difference between the transabdominal and transthoracic and between the transabdominal and thoracoabdominal groups in the 80 subgroups
  2. †No significant difference among all three groups among patients with stages 0 and 3 disease; significant difference between the transabdominal and transthoracic and between the transabdominal and thoracoabdominal groups among patients with stages 1 and 2 disease; significant difference between the transthoracic and thoracoabdominal and between the transthoracic and transabdominal groups among patients with stage 4 disease