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Table 1 The clinical and histologic characteristics of primary cohort

From: Deep-learning-based analysis of preoperative MRI predicts microvascular invasion and outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma

Variable No. of patients (n = 321) Absent
(n = 136)
Present
(n = 185)
OR (95% CI) p value
Age
 0, 50 years 91 33 58 1  
 1, > 50 years 230 103 127 0.702 (0.425–1.157) 0.164
Sex
 0, Male 273 115 158 1  
 1, Female 48 21 27 0.936 (0.504–1.738) 0.834
AFP
 0, ≤ 20 ng/mL 144 84 60 1  
 1, > 20 ng/mL 177 52 125 3.365(2.118–5.347) < 0.001
Ascites
 0, absent 301 130 171 1  
 1, present 20 6 14 1.774 (0.664–4.741) 0.248
Hepatic virus infection
 0, absent 77 33 44 1  
 1, present (HBV/HCV) 244 103 141 1.027 (0.612–1.723) 0.921
Cirrhosis
 0, absent 84 41 43 1  
 1, present 237 95 142 1.425 (0.864–2.351) 0.164
ALT
 0, 40 U/L 229 108 121 1  
 1, > 40 U/L 92 28 64 2.040 (1.220–3.412) 0.006
AST
 0, 40 U/L 226 111 115 1  
 1, > 40 U/L 95 25 70 2.703 (1.597–4.573) < 0.001
GGT
 0, 50 U/L 151 73 78 1  
 1, > 50 U/L 170 63 107 1.590 (1.018–2.482) 0.041
TB
 0, ≤ 19 μmol/L 274 116 158 1  
 1, > 19 μmol/L 47 20 27 0.991 (0.530–1.853) 0.978
CB
 0, ≤ 6.8 μmol/L 244 107 137 1  
 1, > 6.8 μmol/L 77 29 48 1.293 (0.764–2.187) 0.338
ALB
 0, 40 g/L 91 40 51 1  
 1, > 40 g/L 230 96 134 1.095 (0.671–1.787) 0.717
PLT
 0, 100*109/L 40 19 21 1  
 1, > 100*109/L 281 117 164 1.268 (0.653–2.464) 0.483
INR
 0, 1.0 180 84 96 1  
 1, > 1.0 141 52 89 1.498 (0.955–2.349) 0.078
PT
 0, ≤ 12 s 241 105 136 1  
 1, > 12 s 80 31 49 1.220 (0.728–2.046) 0.45
Surgical size (cm) 321 4 (3–6) 6.3 (4.5–9.25)   < 0.001
Tumor encapsulation
 0, incomplete 194 88 106 1  
 1, complete 127 48 79 1.366 (0.865–2.157) 0.18
Edmondson–Steiner grade
 I–II 141 77 64 1  
 III–IV 180 59 121 2.467 (1.566–3.888) < 0.001
  1. AFP a-fetoprotein, ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, GGT γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, TB total bilirubin, CB conjugated bilirubin, ALB albumin, PLT platelet count, PT prothrombin time, INR international normalized ratio, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval