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Table 1 Characteristics of the studies included in the meta-analysis

From: Comparison of the extraperitoneal and transperitoneal routes for permanent colostomy: a meta-analysis with RCTs and systematic review

Reference Primary surgery Follow-up, months Patients (EPC/TPC) Parastomal hernia (EPC/TPC) Stoma prolapse (EPC/TPC) Stoma retraction (EPC/TPC) Stoma ischemia and necrosis (EPC/TPC) Defecation sense (EPC/TPC) Operating time, min (EPC/TPC)  
Wu et al. 2017 [11] OAPR 12 53/53 0/3 0/3 0/1 1/1 22.8 ± 2.4/16.4 ± 1.5  
Ye et al. 2014 [12] LAPR 6–36 41/40 0/3 1/1 0/1 1/2 38/11  
Zhou et al. 2016 [13] LAPR 1–12 33/34 0/4 0/2 0/2 0/2 11/6 13.4 ± 1.7/16.4 ± 2.6  
Jin et al. 2014[14] LAPR 12–24 18/18 0/2 0/1 0/0 1/1 25.3 ± 8.5/14.7 ± 6.4  
Dong et al. 2012 [15] LAPR 6–60 66/62 0/5 0/2 1/3 1/1 51/10 21.3 ± 3.5/30.4 ± 4.2  
  1. OAPR open abdominoperineal resection, LAPR laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection, EPC extraperineal colostomy, TPC transperineal colostomy, Operating time colostomy construction time