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Table 2 Procedural details and postoperative adverse events of 96 patients treated with minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy

From: Long-term survival outcomes of esophageal cancer after minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy

  All patients
N = 96
n (percent, %) or median [interquartile range] or mean ± standard deviation
Procedural details
 Operative time (minutes) 360.0 [325.0–420.0]
 Estimated blood loss (liters) 0.10 [0.05–0.20]
 Intraoperative fluid replacement (liters) 2.75 [2.25–3.50]
 Urine output (liters) 0.41 [0.30–0.60]
 Conversion to open thoracotomy 4 (4)
Total hospital length of stay
 Index admission length of stay (days) 8.0 [7.0–10.0]
Postoperative adverse events during index admission
 Reoperation 5 (5)
 Clavien-Dindo major complications 18 (19)
  Anastomotic leak 5 (5)
  Graft necrosis 1 (1)
  Conduit volvulus/redundancy/obstruction 4 (4)
  Respiratory failure requiring intubation 5 (5)
  Atrial fibrillation requiring cardioversion 3 (3)
  In-hospital mortality 1 (1)
 Clavien-Dindo minor complications 27 (28)
  Atrial fibrillation 14 (15)
  Ventricular tachycardia 1 (1)
  Respiratory insufficiency 1 (1)
  Pneumonia 1 (1)
  Pleural effusion 2 (2)
  Pneumothorax 1 (1)
  Ileus 1 (1)
  Colonic pseudo-obstruction 1 (1)
  Clostridium difficile infection 2 (2)
  Bacteremia 1 (1)
  Urinary retention 1 (1)
  Acute kidney injury 1 (1)
30-day adverse events
 30-day mortality 2 (2)
 30-day readmissions 7 (7)
 30-day reoperations 7 (7)
90-day adverse events
 90-day mortality 3 (3)
 90-day readmissions 8 (8)
 90-day reoperations 8 (8)