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Table 1 Baseline patient characteristics of 96 patients treated with minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy

From: Long-term survival outcomes of esophageal cancer after minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy

  All patients
N = 96
n (percent, %) or median [interquartile range] or mean ± standard deviation
Demographics
 Age 68.0 [60.3–72.0]
 Male 77 (80)
 Race
  White 89 (93)
  Black/African American 7 (7)
Comorbidities
 Body mass index, BMI 25.5 [23.3–28.4]
 Any tobacco use 77 (80)
 Diabetes mellitus 16 (17)
 Hyperlipidemia 32 (33)
 Hypertension 52 (54)
 Cardiovascular disease 23 (24)
 Respiratory disease 36 (38)
 Gastrointestinal disease 50 (52)
 Renal disease 4 (4)
 Other prior malignancies 9 (9)
Performance status
 Karnofsky performance status (out of 100) 90.0 [81.3–90.0]
 ECOG ≥ 1 performance status 62 (65)
Preoperative risk assessment
 Prior abdominal surgery 67 (70)
  ASA 1 0
  ASA 2 9 (9)
  ASA 3 85 (89)
  ASA 4 2 (2)
Laboratory values
 Anemia 61 (64)
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 12.3 [11.4–13.2]
 Albumin (g/dL) 4.0 [3.7–4.2]
 Platelets (× 109/L) 206.5 [168.0–244.8]
 White blood cells (× 109/L) 5.8 ± 1.9
 Lymphocytes (× 109/L) 1.0 [0.7–1.8]
 Neutrophils (× 109/L) 4.9 [3.3–6.5]
Case mix index, CMI
 Median CMI 2.6 [2.1–2.7]
Area deprivation index, ADI
 State ADI decile (1–10) based on most recent address 4.0 [2.0–7.0]
  State ADI decile ≥ 9 11 (12)
 State ADI decile based on index hospital encounter address 4.0 [2.0–7.0]
  State ADI decile ≥ 9 12 (13)
 National ADI percentile (1–100) based on most recent address 50.0 [32.0–71.0]
  National ADI percentile ≥ 90 7 (7)
 National ADI percentile based on index hospital encounter address 49.5 [28.0–71.0]
  National ADI percentile ≥ 90 7 (7)
Insurance primary payer type
 Private/commercial 25 (26)
 Medicare/managed care 21 (22)
 Medicare traditional/indemnity 38 (40)
 Medicaid/managed care 3 (3)
 Medicaid traditional/indemnity 3 (3)
 Other primary payer types 6 (6)
 Low socioeconomic status based on payer type 10 (10)
  1. ASA American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status score, ECOG Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group