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Table 2 Distribution of CRP, PCT, and WBC among patients with and without anastomotic leakage at different time points (n = 205)

From: Role of the triad of procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and white blood cell count in the prediction of anastomotic leak following colorectal resections

Measurements Without leakage With leakage P value
CRP (mg/L)
 Preoperative 3.8 (1.8) 3.69 (2.09) 0.701
 POD 1 19.80 (8.25) 19.91 (8.16) 0.891
 POD 2 44.96 (28.45) 66.03 (24.77) 0.002*
 POD 3 56.40 (45.02) 111.13 (51.00) < 0.001*
 POD 4 61.02 (56.90) 142.14 (81.60) < 0.001*
 POD 5 58.61 (65.57) 150.90 (120.17) 0.006*
PCT (ng/mL)
 Preoperative 0.57 (0.34) 0.61 (0.30) 0.478
 POD 1 0.84 (0.45) 1.28 (0.55) < 0.001*
 POD 2 1.32 (0.58) 2.22 (1.15) < 0.001*
 POD 3 1.68 (0.92) 3.39 (1.49) < 0.001*
 POD 4 1.99 (0.95) 4.75 (2.21) < 0.001*
 POD 5 2.21 (1.08) 6.31 (2.65) < 0.001*
WBC (× 1000/mm3)
 Preoperative 6.41 (1.60) 5.85 (0.88) 0.187
 POD 1 6.96 (1.44) 6.98 (0.84) 0.983
 POD 3 7.99 (1.57) 8.79 (1.13) 0.014*
 POD 5 8.34 (3.34) 10.01 (1.51) < 0.001*
  1. CRP C-reactive protein, PCT procalcitonin, WBC white blood cell count, POD postoperative day
  2. *Statistically significant difference at p values of less than 0.05
  3. Values are presented as mean (standard deviation)