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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients of the study (n = 205)

From: Role of the triad of procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and white blood cell count in the prediction of anastomotic leak following colorectal resections

Variables Frequency (%)
Sex
 Male 115 (56.1%)
 Female 90 (43.9%)
Age (years), mean (SD), range 56.4 (13.1), 25–78
Comorbidities
 None 101 (49.5%)
 Diabetes mellitus 42 (20.6%)
 Cardiovascular 29 (14.2%)
 COPD 22 (10.8%)
 Renal failure 10 (4.9%)
Tumor stage
 T1 3 (1.5%)
 T2 29 (14.1%)
 T3 110 (53.7%)
 T4 63 (30.7%)
Type of operation
 Right hemicolectomy 61 (29.8%)
 Left hemicolectomy 54 (26.3%)
 Rectal resection 55 (26.8%)
 Closure of colostomy 21 (10.2%)
 Hartman's reversal 14 (6.8%)
Surgical approach
 Open 177 (86.3%)
 Laparoscopic 28 (13.7%)
Type of anastomosis
 End-to-end 60 (29.3%)
 End-to-side 26 (12.7%)
 Side-to-end 86 (42.0%)
 Side-to-side 33 (16.1%)
Anastomotic technique
 Handsewn 126 (61.5%)
 Stapled 79 (38.5%)
Operation time (min), mean (SD), range 166.2 (19.5), 120–200
Hospital Stay (days), mean (SD), range 10.7 (3.8), 4–21
Postoperative complications
 No complications 168 (81.9%)
 Total complications: 37 (18.1%)
 Anastomotic leakage 22 (10.7%)
 Wound Infection 7 (3.4%)
 Respiratory Infection 4 (1.96%)
 Urinary tract infection 3 (1.46%)
 Mortality 6(2.9%)
Management of anastomotic leakage (n = 22)
 Reoperation 17 (77.3%)
 PCT drainage and antibiotics 5 (22.7%)
  1. COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, PCT percutaneous drainage