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Table 5 Tumor responses between the mistletoe and non-mistletoe groups

From: Effect of mistletoe extract on tumor response in neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer: a cohort study

Variables MG (n = 15) NMG (n = 37) P-value
pCR    0.044¶,**
 Yes 8 (53.3) 8 (21.6)  
 No 7 (46.7) 29 (78.4)  
TRG (AJCC)    0.024¶,**
 Good responder (0–1) 10 (66.7) 12 (32.4)  
 Poor responder (2–3) 5 (33.3) 25 (67.6)  
T downstaging    0.004¶,**
 Yes 13 (86.7) 16 (43.2)  
 No 2 (13.3) 21 (56.8)  
N downstaging    0.257
 Yes 14 (93.3) 29 (78.4)  
 No 1 (6.7) 8 (21.6)  
Overall TNM downstaging    0.040¶,**
 Yes 13 (86.7) 21 (56.8)  
 No 2 (13.3) 16 (43.2)  
  1. Data are presented as n (%)
  2. Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test; **statistically significant (P < 0.05)
  3. MG, mistletoe group; NMG, non-mistletoe group; pCR, pathologic complete response; TRG, tumor regression grade; AJCC, American Joint Committee on Cancer; TNM, tumor–node–metastasis