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Table 2 Operative and postoperative details

From: Vascular resection for locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: analysis of long-term outcomes from a single-centre series

  Overall (n=173) VR− group (n=132) VR+ group (n=41) P-value
Operative time (minutes), mean 309.2±93.2 295.1±96.3 343.9±75.6 0.006
Type of operation
 Whipple PD (%) 53 (30.6) 43 (32.6) 10 (24.4) 0.321
 Traverso-Longmire PD (%) 65 (37.6) 52 (39.4) 13 (31.7) 0.375
 Distal splenopancreatectomy (%) 25 (14.5) 20 (15.2) 5 (12.2) 0.638
 Total pancreatectomy (%) 30 (17.3) 17 (12.9) 13 (31.7) 0.005
Type of vascular resection
 Venous (%) 37 (21.4) 37 (90.2)  
 Arterial (%) 2 (1.2) 2 (4.9)  
 Arteria/venous (%) 2 (1.2) 2 (4.9)  
Type of vessel reconstruction
 Direct suture (%) 32 (18.5) 32 (78)  
 Autologous venous patch (%) 1 (0.6) 1 (2.4)  
 Autologous venous segment (%) 8 (4.6) 8 (19.5)  
Intraoperative blood transfusion (%) 48 (27.7) 26 (19.7) 22 (53.7) < 0.0001
ICU stay (days), mean 1±2.3 0.7±1.6 1.4±3.0 0.187
Clavien-Dindo class
 I (%) 10 (26) 7 (28) 3 (19.5) 0.629
 II (%) 30 (17.3) 15 (11.4) 15 (36.6) 0.000
 III (%) 14 (8.1) 8 (6.1) 6 (14.6) 0.079
 IV (%) 2 (1.2) 1 (0.8) 1 (2.4) 0.379
Overall complications 56 (32.4) 31 (23.5) 25 (61) < 0.0001
Pancreas-specific complications
 POPF (%) 19 (11) 15 (11.4) 4 (9.8) 0.774
 Haemorrhage (%) 9 (5.2) 3 (2.3) 6 (14.6) 0.002
 Delayed gastric emptying (%) 5 (2.9) 2 (1.5) 3 (7.3) 0.053
Reoperation (%) 13 (7.5) 7 (5.3) 6 (14.6) 0.048
Hospital stay (days), mean 18.6±12.6 18.9±14.0 18.3±10.5 0.684
90-day mortality (%) 21 (12.1) 15 (11.4) 6 (14.6) 0.575
  1. PD pancreaticoduodenectomy, ICU intensive care unit, POPF postoperative pancreatic fistula