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Table 3 General Characteristics of 114 preoperative pyloric obstruction patients

From: Analysis of risk factors and prevention strategies for functional delayed gastric emptying in 1243 patients with distal gastric cancer

Items Overall (n = 114) FDGE (n = 27) None FDGE (n = 87) P
Male sex 88 (77.2%) 20 (74.1%) 68 (78.2%) 0.793
Age, yearsa 61.746 ± 11.835 60.111 ± 10.811 62.253 ± 12.149 0.414
BMI(kg/m2)a 22.775 ± 3.333 25.101 ± 2.689 22.053 ± 3.191 0.001
Smoking history 26 (22.8%) 8 (29.6%) 18 (20.7%) 0.431
History of abdominal surgery 17 (14.9%) 4 (14.8%) 13 (14.9%) 1.000
Preoperative albumin, g/La 39.675 ± 5.012 42.296 ± 3.646 38.862 ± 5.115 0.002
Preoperative hemoglobin, g/La 121.395 ± 26.799 133.296 ± 25.822 117.701 ± 26.150 0.008
Postoperative albumin, g/La 32.404 ± 4.370 34.074 ± 4.367 31.885 ± 4.263 0.022
Postoperative hemoglobin, g/La 113.570 ± 24.093 120.667 ± 27.354 111.368 ± 22.711 0.080
Preoperative gastric decompression, g/La 66 (57.9%) 8 (29.6%) 58 (66.7%) 0.001
Periods of obstruction, daysa 16.430 ± 10.908 20.926 ± 16.786 15.034 ± 7.926 0.014
Level of obstruction     0.025
 None food retention 22 (19.3%) 10 (37.0%) 12 (13.8%)  
 Small amount 60 (52.6%) 12 (44.4%) 48 (55.2%)  
 Large amount 32 (28.1%) 5 (18.5%) 27 (31.0%)  
Preoperative anxiety     0.242
 None 82 (71.9%) 16 (59.3%) 66 (75.9%)  
 Counseling 18 (15.8%) 5 (18.5%) 9 (10.3%)  
 Drugs 14 (12.3%) 6 (22.2%) 12 (13.8%)  
Operation time, mina 184.158 ± 49.252 195.815 ± 57.189 180.540 ± 46.2882 0.160
Operation blood loss, mina 193.421 ± 86.861 192.593 ± 95.780 193.678 ± 84.497 0.955
Approach
 Opening 75 (65.8%) 15 (55.6%) 60 (69.0%)  
 Laparoscopy 39 (34.2%) 12 (44.4%) 27 (31.0%) 0.247
Reconstruction
Roux-en-Y 50(35.6%) 11(40.7%) 39 (44.8%)  
Uncut Roux-en-Y 64(64.4%) 16(59.3%) 48 (55.2%) 0.825
Volume of residual stomach
 LGPA preserved 36 (31.6%) 5 (18.5%) 31 (35.6%)  
 LGPA ligation 40 (35.1%) 11 (40.7%) 29 (33.3%) 0.245
 First branch of SGA ligation 38 (33.3%) 11 (40.7%) 27 (31.0%)  
Position of anastomosis
 Greater curvature parallel 29 (25.4%) 7 (25.9%) 22 (25.3%)  
 Greater curvature perpendicular 45 (39.5%) 13 (48.1%) 32 (36.8%)  
 Middle position of gastric posterior wall 40 (35.1%) 7 (25.9%) 33 (36.8%) 0.467
Stapler type
 Circle stapler 40 (35.1%) 9 (33.3%) 31 (35.6%) 0.828
 Linear stapler 74 (64.9%) 18 (66.7%) 56 (64.4%)  
Position of afferent loop
 Greater curvature 56 (49.1%) 14 (51.9%) 42 (48.3%)  
 Lesser curvature 58 (50.9%) 13 (48.1%) 45 (51.7%) 0.827
  1. aMean ± SD