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Table 2 Predictive factors for FDGE (1243 cases)

From: Analysis of risk factors and prevention strategies for functional delayed gastric emptying in 1243 patients with distal gastric cancer

Predictors n (%) Univariate analysis Multivariate Analysis
P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI)
Male sex 801 (64.4%) 0.804 1.076 (0.602–1.924)   
Age, yearsa 53.444 ± 9.390 < 0.001 1.094(1.064–1.124) < 0.001 1.081 (1.047–1.117)
BMI, kg/m2a 22.162 ± 3.095 < 0.001 1.229 (1.122–1.346) < 0.001 1.233 (1.116–1.363)
Smoking history 256 (20.6%) 0.286 1.406 (0.751–2.632)   
History of abdominal surgery 160 (12.9%) 0.941 1.031 (0.457–2.326) < 0.001 3.831 (1.829–8.023)
Preoperative pyloric obstruction 114(9.2%) < 0.001 13.166 (7.363–23.540)
Preoperative albumin, g/La 42.022 ± 4.344 0.435 0.975 (0.916–1.038)
Preoperative hemoglobin, g/La 137.370 ± 12.745 0.541 1.007 (0.984–1.030)
Postoperative albumin, g/La 34.139 ± 3.731 0.862 1.007 (0.935–1.084)
Postoperative hemoglobin, g/La 115.930 ± 13.409 0.063 1.022 (0.999–1.045)
Preoperative anxiety
 None 751 (60.4%) 0.958 Control   
 Counseling 219 (17.6%) 0.845 1.075 (0.520–2.223)   
 Drugs 273 (22.0%) 0.870 0.943 (0.469–1.899)   
Operation time, mina 186.138 ± 21.486 0.320 1.006 (0.994–1.019)   
Operation blood loss, mla 171.440 ± 52.732 0.170 1.003 (0.999–1.008)   
Approach
 Opening 832(66.9%) Control   
 Laparoscopy 411(33.1%) 0.171 1.478 (0.845–2.587)   
Reconstruction
 Roux-en-Y 442(35.6%) 0.074 Control   
 Uncut Roux-en-Y 801(64.4%) 0.022 0.604 (0.348–1.050) < 0.027  
Volume of residual stomach
 LGPA preserved 560 (45.1%) 0.035 Control 0.170  
 LGPA ligation 322 (25.9%) 0.008 2.174 (1.057–4.471) 0.007 1.763 (0.785–3.963)
First branch of SGA ligation 361 (29.0%) < 0.001 2.531(1.278–5.014) 0.004 1.838 (1.325–6.080)
Position of anastomosis
 Greater curvature parallel 142 (11.4%) 0.006 2.951 (1.367–6.371) 0.061 2.375 (0.963–5.861)
 Greater curvature perpendicular 222 (17.9%) < 0.001 4.070 (2.195–7.546) 0.001 3.385 (1.632–7.019)
 Middle position of gastric posterior wall 879 (70.7%) Control   
Stapler type
 Circle stapler 879 (70.7%) Control   
 Linear stapler 364 (29.3%) < 0.001 3.07 (2.334–3.806)   
Position of Anastomotic
 Greater curvature 731 (58.8%) Control   
 Lesser curvature 512 (41.2%) 0.602 0.860 (0.488–1.516)   
  1. aMean ± SD