Skip to main content

Table 4 Characteristics of the patients, open surgery group (open) versus laparoscopic surgery group (lap)

From: Short- and long-term outcomes after colonic self-expandable metal stent placement for malignant large-bowel obstruction as a bridge to surgery focus on the feasibility of the laparoscopic approach: a retrospective, single center study

   Open (N = 21) Lap (N = 54) p value**
Sex (%) M 15 (71.4) 33 (61.1) 0.40
  F 6 (28.6) 21 (38.9)
Age*   68.0 (50-86) 63.5 (30-82) 0.061
BMI*   19.7 (16.7-28.0) 21.3 (14.4-34.9) 0.73
ASA (%) 1 4 (19.0) 21 (38.9) 0.17
  2-3 17 (81.0) 33 (61.1)
T (%) 2 0 (0) 1 (1.9) 0.042
  3 8 (38.1) 32 (59.3)
  4a 8 (38.1) 18 (33.3)
  4b 5 (23.8) 3 (5.6)
N (%) 0 10 (47.6) 20 (37.0) 0.37
  1 4 (19.0) 19 (35.2)
  2 7 (33.3) 15 (27.8)
Stage (%) I 0 (0) 1 (1.9) 0.23
  II 8 (38.1) 18 (33.3)
  III 5 (23.8) 20 (37.0)
  IV 8 (38.1) 14 (25.9)
Location (%) Right 6 (28.6) 10 (18.5) 0.35
  Left 15 (71.4) 44 (81.5)
Size (mm)* 65.0 (40-108) 61.5 (0-615) 0.36
Operation time (min)* 199 (127-610) 252.5 (137-812) 0.49
Blood loss (ml)* 210 (40-4850) 30 (5-615) 0.0017
Lymph node dissection* 25 (7-72) 25 (8-102) 0.62
Postoperative stay (day)* 14 (8-54) 13 (8-47) 0.60
Postoperative complication, Clavien-Dindo ≥grade III (%) 5 (23.8) 7 (13.0) 0.26
Anastomotic leakage 2 5  
SSI 2 0  
Ileus 1 2  
  1. BMI body mass index, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists
  2. *Median (min-max)
  3. **chi-squared test