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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analyses of 11 variables related to survival of GBC patients with preoperative jaundice (n = 54)

From: Effect of preoperative jaundice on long-term prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma with radical resection

Variable Cutoff level Number Survival rates (%) Univariate Multivariate
1 year 3 years P value RR (95% CI) P
Age (year) 0.334   
  < 60 26 50.0 11.5    
  ≥ 60 28 25.5 15.3    
Sex 0.391   
  Male 30 53.3 6.7    
  Female 24 54.2 20.8    
Preoperative Biliary Drainage 0.151   
  Present 34 51.5 6.1    
  Absent 20 57.1 23.8    
Associated disease 0.672   
  Present 25 44.0 16.0    
  Absent 29 62.1 10.3    
Tumor location 0.050 1.288 (0.626–2.650) 0.492
  Gallbladder neck 38 63.2 15.8    
  Gallbladder body/fundus 16 31.3 6.3    
pT (TNM)      0.010 2.221 (1.065–4.631) 0.033
  pT3 14 64.3 35.7    
  pT4 40 50.0 5.0    
Lymph node metastasis 0.136   
  Negative 15 66.7 13.3    
  Positive 39 48.7 12.8    
Histologic differentiation 0.025 0.521 (0.216–1.253) 0.145
  Well/moderate 47 59.6 14.9    
  Poor 7 14.3 0.0    
CRAO      0.545   
  Present 9 44.4 11.1    
  Absent 45 55.6 13.3    
Intraoperative blood infusion 0.137   
  Present 23 56.5 26.1    
  Absent 31 51.6 3.2    
Morbidity      0.301   
  Present 15 53.3 6.7    
  Absent 39 53.8 15.4