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Table 3 Post-operative and clinical outcomes according to pre-sarcopenia status

From: Prognostic role of pre-sarcopenia and body composition with long-term outcomes in obstructive colorectal cancer: a retrospective cohort study

  Non-pre-sarcopenia (N = 144) Pre-sarcopenia (N = 72) P
Postoperative hospital days (median [IQR]) 13.0 [10.0–17.0] 14.0 [10.8–17.0] 0.450
Stent, yes (%) 80 (55.6) 37 (51.4) 0.562
Stoma, yes (%) 25 (17.4) 16 (22.2) 0.390
Emergency operation, yes (%) 9 (6.3) 6 (8.3) 0.570
Transfusion, yes (%) 66 (45.8) 41 (56.9) 0.124
Complications (%)    0.906
 No 119 (82.6) 58 (80.6)  
 Minora 17 (11.8) 9 (12.5)  
 Majorb 8 (5.6) 5 (6.9)  
Anastomosis leak (%) 7 (4.9) 4 (5.6) 0.827
Postoperative ileus (%) 8 (5.6) 3 (4.2) 0.662
Surgical site infection (%) 6 (4.2) 2 (2.8) 0.610
Anastomosis site bleeding (%) 2 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 0.315
Urinary retention (%) 2 (1.4) 2 (2.8) 0.475
Atelectasis (%) 4 (2.8) 3 (4.2) 0.587
Pleural effusion 1 (0.7) 1 (1.4) 0.615
Asthma attack 1 (0.7) 0(0.0) 0.478
Recurrence, yes (%) 30 (20.8) 23 (31.9) 0.074
Death, yes (%) 20 (13.9) 21 (29.2) 0.007
Disease-free survival time (months) (median [IQR]) 42.0 [24.0–133.0] 29.5 [11.8–109.0] 0.007
Overall-survival time (months) (median [IQR]) 58.0 [26.0–81.0] 38.0 [21.8–60.3] 0.047
  1. aClavien-Dindo Classification < IIIb
  2. bClavien-Dindo Classification ≥ IIIb