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Table 3 Details of the clinical characteristics of frail patients

From: Frailty is a useful predictive marker of postoperative complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy

No Age (years) Sex Medical history Disease Surgical procedure Postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo classification IIIa) 30-day postoperative mortality (cause of death) 90-day postoperative mortality (cause of death)
1 86 F AS, heart pacemaker PC DP Pancreatic fistula (grade B) No No
2 88 F AS, DM PC PD   No No
3 88 F CI, DM, PE BC PD Pancreatic fistula (grade C), pseudoaneurysm s/o, pylethrombosis, melena No Yes (acute respiratory failure)
4 81 M Bronchiectasis PC PD Bacterial pneumonia, ARDS, wound dehiscence No Yes (acute respiratory failure, DIC)
5 72 M Gastric caner Remnant gastric cancer PD Esophagojejunostomy leakage, pancreatic fistula (grade C), aspiration pneumonia Yes (acute respiratory failure, septic shock) No
6 69 M CI, MI BC PD Intra-abdominal abscess No No
7 82 M CI, MI, PAD BC PD Paralytic ileus No No
8 79 F Gastric ulcer BC PD Anastomotic bleeding of gastrojejunostomy No No
9 85 F Pulmonary tuberculosis PC PD   No No
10 87 F DM PC DP Organ/space surgical site infection No No
11 81 F Duodenal ulcer PC PD   No No
  1. Abbreviations: ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, AS aortic stenosis, BC bill duct cancer, CI cerebral infarction; DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation, DM diabetes mellitus, DP distal pancreatectomy, F female, M male, MI myocardial infarction, PAD peripheral arterial disease, PC pancreatic cancer, PD pancreaticoduodenectomy, PE pulmonary embolism