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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Short- and long-term outcomes for transvaginal specimen extraction versus minilaparotomy after robotic anterior resection for colorectal cancer: a mono-institution retrospective study

Characteristic TVSE (n = 45) LAP (n = 45) p value
Age, year (mean ± SD) 58.1 ± 11.8 59.1 ± 10.8 0.683
BMI, kg/m2 (mean ± SD) 22.1 ± 2.7 21.6 ± 2.2 0.360
ASA score, n (%)    0.865
 I 12 (26.7) 10 (22.2)  
 II 28 (62.2) 29 (64.4)  
 III 5 (11.1) 6 (13.4)  
Tumor location, n (%)    0.664
 Sigmoid 16 (35.6) 18 (40)  
 Rectum 29 (64.4) 27 (60)  
Previous abdominal surgery, n (%)    0.468
 Presence 10 (22.2) 13 (28.9)  
 Absence 35 (77.8) 32 (71.1)  
Clinical tumor category, n (%)    0.778
 T1 10 (22.2) 9 (20.0)  
 T2 12 (26.7) 15 (33.3)  
 T3 23 (51.1) 21 (46.7)  
Postoperative chemotherapy, n (%) 9 (20.0) 10 (22.2) 0.796
  1. TVSE totally robotic anterior resection with transvaginal specimen extraction, LAP robotic anterior resection with minilaparotomy, SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, ASA American Society of Anesthesiologists