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Table 2 Operative and postoperative outcomes (continuous variables were presented as mean and standard deviation and categorical variables as number and percent) (PE pulmonary embolism)

From: Efficacy and clinical outcome of the port-a-cath in children: a tertiary care-center experience

 Group 1 (n = 164)Group 2 (n = 404)t/chi squarep value
Complication during insertion  4.940.43
 Hematoma04 (1%)  
 Multiple site insertion5 (3.1%)15 (3.7%)  
 Conversion to cut down3 (1.8%)15 (3.7%)  
 pneumothorax/hemothorax04 (1%)  
Complication during removal  0.860.87
 Stuck2 (1.2%)4 (1%)  
 Need for another incision/venotomy5 (3.1%)9 (1.2%)  
 Bleeding1 (0.6%)1 (0.3%)  
 Migration to heart1 (0.6%)3 (0.7%)  
Reason to remove the catheter  7.490.38
 Complete treatment107 (63.7%)247 (61.1%)  
 Infection19 (11.6%)75 (18.6%)  
 Malfunction/thrombosis/blockage14 (8.5%)27 (6.7%)  
 Leakage05 (1.2%)  
 Catheter break with or without PE2 (1.2%)5 (1.2%)  
 Bone marrow transplantation18 (11%)38 (9.4%)  
 Hematoma1 (0.6%)1 (0.3%)  
 Death (related to the primary disease)2 (1.2%)5 (1.2%)  
 Refuse treatment1 (0.6%)1 (0.3%)  
Need another catheter insertion36 (22%)117 (29%) 0.09
Duration of catheter (months)13.1 ± 14.814.4 ± 14− 0.980.33