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Table 2 Surgical procedure and outcomes

From: Prognoses, outcomes, and clinicopathological characteristics of very elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy

 Group VE (n = 49)Group E (n = 363)Group Y (n = 384)p; VE vs. Ep; VE vs. Y
Surgical procedure     
 Partial hepatectomy (%)20 (10)23 (85)25 (95)0.630.50
 Subsegmentectomy or segmentectomy (%)41 (20)41 (149)36 (140)0.970.55
 Bisegmentectomy or trisegmentectomy (%)39 (19)36 (129)39 (149)0.650.99
Operative outcome     
 Median blood loss (ml) (range)400 (0–2400)380 (0–35,820)375 (0–20,190)0.640.50
 Median operative time (min) (range)288 (113–508)327 (99–911)312 (78–609)< 0.010.01
Morbidity     
 Total morbidities (%)14 (7)19 (68)23 (88)0.440.16
 Pleural effusion (%)4 (2)4 (15)7 (27)0.980.43
 Ascites (%)4 (2)3 (12)5 (19)0.770.79
 Postoperative bleeding (%)2 (1)2 (7)4 (17)0.950.43
 Bile leakage (%)8 (4)7 (26)6 (22)0.800.49
 Hyperbilirubinemia (%)2 (1)2 (9)4 (15)0.850.51
 Wound infection (%)2 (1)2 (8)2 (7)0.940.91
 Pneumonia (%)4 (2)1 (4)2 (8)0.100.38
 Ileus (%)4 (2)1 (5)1 (4)0.160.08
Postoperative stay (days) (range)22 (14–308)25 (11–386)24 (9–176)0.170.43
Mortality     
 30 days (%)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)  
 90 days (%)0 (0)0 (0)0.3 (1)  
  1. VE very elderly group, E elderly group, Y young group