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Table 4 Summary of laparoscopic technique

From: Laparoscopic versus open approach in gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer: a systematic review

Reference Type of dissection Type of gastrectomy Retrieved LN Proximal margin Distal margin
L O P L O P L O P
Huang et al. [14] D2 DG 25.81 ± 12.53 27.47 ± 0.28 0.401 - -
Zhao et al. [18] D1,D1 + α, β, D2, D2+ DG 33.2 ± 12.5 32.8 ± 15.6 0.715 6.25 ± 2.04 6.29 ± 2.11 0.805 5.68 ± 1.71 5.62 ± 1.59 0.642
Shuang et al. [17] D2 DG 35 (7–63) 38 (6–66) NS
Scatizzi et al. [16] D2 DG 37 (8–89) 31 (16–60) 0.174
Cai et al. [15] D2 PG DG TG 22.98 ± 2.704 22.8 ± 2.428 0.839
Chun et al. [20] D2 DG 39.1 ± 15.2 39.3 ± 11.2 0.971 5.0 ± 2.9 6.0 ± 3.6 0.014 6.0 ± 3.4 5.4 ± 3.1 0.372
Chen et al. [19] D2 DG TG 30.6 ± 10.1 30.3 ± 8.6 0.786
Hamabe et al. [21] D2 DG TG 63.7 ± 26.4 44.0 ± 18.9 < 0.0001
Kim et al. [22] D2 TG SG TG 38.3 ± 14.3 41.8 ± 15.3 0.1187 4.4 ± 3.0 4.5 ± 3.1 0.8695 7.3 ± 4.8 7.2 ± 5.4 0.9363
Moisan et al. [23] D1 + α, D1 + β, D2 TG SG 35 (9–68) 39 (12–109) 0.805 5.5 (0.3–13.5) 5.5 (0.3–13.5) 0.982
Gordon et al. [25] D0, D1, D1 + α, D1 + β, D2, D2+ DG 35.92 ± 12.60 36.5 ± 14.48 0.739
Bo et al. [24] TG 35.2 ± 11.7 37.4 ± 13.2 0.132 3.5 ± 1.2 3.2 ± 0.9 0.517
Shinohara et al. [27] D2 DG PG TG 45.3 ± 16.9 43.8 ± 17.2 0.446
Lin et al. [26] D2 TG DG 30.2 ± 10.1 28.0 ± 8.1 0.103
Fang et al. [28] D2 TG DG 32 (8–65) 36 (12–72) NS
Qiu et al. [29] D2 DG TG 30.2 ± 12.0 28.1 ± 11.8 0.484
Zhang et al. [32] D2 DG TG 20 (16–23) 21 (17–23) 0.58
Wu et al. [31] D2 DG PG TG 19.84 ± 4.7 18.04 ± 4.14 NS 6.33 ± 1.91 6.44 ± 2.04 0.621 5.73 ± 1.47 5.92 ± 1.11 0.149
Cui et al. [30] D2 PG DG TG 29.3 ± 11.8 30.1 ± 11.4 0.574
Lu et al. [37] D2 TG 18 (17-23) 19 (16-24) 0.548
Hao et al. [33] D1,D1+,D2, D2+ DG PG TG 30.4 ± 13.4 28.1 ± 17.1 0.43 6.15 ± 1.63 6.09 ± 1.09 0.54 5.46 ± 1.74 5.40 ± 1.95 0.57
Li et al [35] D2 DG 33.7 ± 7.1 33.1 ± 7.6 0.358
Zhang et al. [38] D2 DG TG 17 (16–21) 18 (17–25) 0.258
Li et al. [35] D2 DG 24.7 ± 8.3 24.6 ± 10.0 0.967 5.8 (5.0, 6.8) 5.0 (4.0, 7.5) 0.476 3.0 (2.0, 3.8) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.634
Hu et al. [34] D2 DG 36.1 ± 16.7 36.9 ± 16.1 0.738 4.8 ± 2.3 5.2 ± 2.5 0.436 4.1 ± 2.1 4.3 ± 2.5 0.239
Zhang et al. [40] DG PG TG 37 ± 14 35 ± 11 0.05
Xu et al. [39] D2 DG TG 6.0 ± 6.9 6.4 ± 7.2 0.353 4.8 ± 2.5 4.6 ± 2.4 0.354 6.6 ± 4.2 7.6 ± 4.7 0.105
Li et al. [42] D2 DG TG
Xu et al. [49] D2 DG TG 21.6 ± 8.6 22.4 ± 10.3 0.136 5.0 ± 2.8 5.4 ± 2.9 0.066 7.2 ± 4.3 6.9 ± 4.6 0.292
Inokuchi et al. [41] D2 DG TG 39 (14–72) 38 (14–89) 0.69
Shi et al. [44] D2 PG DG TG 31.59 ± 5.87 32.18 ± 6.07 0.377
Park et al. [43] D2 DG 37.0 ± 13.4 39.7 ± 13.3 0.168
Chan et al. [45] D2 TG 37 (7–77) 26 (3–95) < 0.001
Kinoshita et al. [46] D1, D1+,D2, D2+ DG PG TG 43 (32–56) 34 (24–44) < 0.001
Wang et al. [48] D2 DG 29.5 ± 10.4 31.4 ± 12.3 0.083 5.0 ± 2.2 5.3 ± 2.5 NS 3.8 ± 2.4 3.9 ± 2.7 NS
Lee et al. [47] D2 DG 46.6 ± 17.7 46.9 ± 15.9 0.741 4.6 ± 3.0 5.0 ± 3.1 0.053 4.8 ± 3.2 4.8 ± 3.1 0.87
  1. NS not significant, – not reported, LN lymph nodes, L laparoscopic, O open