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Table 2 Postoperative complications and surveillance bile culture

From: Significance of bile culture surveillance for postoperative management of pancreatoduodenectomy

ComplicationAll casesBile culture positivep valueMDR pathogens positivep value
(n = 51)(n = 28)(n = 11)
Incisional SSI (%)6 (12)4 (14)0.534 (36)0.01
Organ/space SSI (%)33 (65)18 (64)0.957 (63)0.93
 Bile leakage (%)4 (8)2 (7)0.841 (9)0.86
 Pancreatic fistula (%)21 (41)12 (43)0.794 (36)0.71
 Cholangitis (%)3 (6)2 (7)0.671 (9)0.63
 Enteritis (%)3 (6)2 (7)0.671 (9)0.63
Clavien-Dindo ≥ 3 complication (%)16 (31)7 (25)0.283 (27)0.74
  1. Abbreviations: SSI surgical site infection, MDR multi-drug resistance