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Table 1 Reported cases of needle tract seeding after EUS-FNA for pancreatic tumor

From: Needle tract seeding following endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration for pancreatic cancer: a report of two cases

Author Year Age Sex Location of pancreatic cancer Tumor size Frequency of puncture EUS needle Initial treatment Stage Discovery opportunity Time to recurrence (months) Recurrence tumor size Treatment for needle tract seeding
1 Hirooka 2003 57 Male Pancreatic body 20 mm 3 22 G Distal pancreatectomy and partial gastrectomy T1N0M0 Operative findings 1 Micro Partial gastrectomy
2 Paquin 2005 65 Male pancreatic tail 22 mm 5 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T1N0M0 CT 21 50 mm Chemotherapy
3 Ahmed 2011 79 Male Pancreatic body Unknown Several times Unknown Central pancreatectomy T2N0M0 PET-CT 39 45 mm Total gastrectomy
4 Chong 2011 55 Female Pancreatic tail 27 mm 3 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T2N0M0 PET-CT 26 40 mm No indication of surgery
5 Katanuma 2012 68 Female Pancreatic body 20 mm 4 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T2N0M0 EGDS 22 Unknown Unknown
6 Anderson 2013 51 Male Pancreatic head 50 mm Unknown Unknown Chemoradiation therapy Unknown EGDS/EUS-FNA Unknown 10 mm Unknown
7 Ngamruengphong 2013 66 Male Pancreatic body/tail Unknown 3 22 and 19 G Subtotal pancreatectomy Unknown EGDS/EUS 27 Unknown Unknown
8 Ngamruengphong 2013 77 Female Pancreatic tail 40 mm 3 19 G Distal pancreatectomy and partial gastrectomy Unknown EGD 26 Unknown Unknown
9 Sakurada 2015 87 Female Pancreatic body 25 mm Unknown 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T2N0M0 Elevation of CA19-9 19 20 mm Partial gastrectomy
10 Minaga 2015 64 Female Pancreatic body 20 mm 3 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T3N0M0 Elevation of CA19-9 8 12 mm Partial gastrectomy
11 Tomonari 2015 78 Male Pancreatic body 20 mm 2 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T3N0M0 EGDS 28 32 mm Subtotal gastrectomy
12 Kita 2016 68 Female Pancreatic body Unknown 2 22 G Intensity-modulated radiation therapy Unknown PET-CT 4 Unknown Unknown
13 Yamabe 2016 75 Male Unknown 30 mm Unknown 25 G Chemotherapy Unknown CT/EUS-FNA 3 24 mm Chemotherapy
14 Minaga 2016 72 Male Pancreatic body 10 mm Unknown Unknown Distal pancreatectomy T1N0M0 EGDs/EUS 24 30 mm Gastrectomy
15 Iida 2016 78 Female Unknown Unknown 3 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T3N0M0 EGDS/PET-CT 6 18 mm Distal gastrectomy
16 Yamauchi 2016 67 Female Pancreatic body 25 mm 1 19 G Distal pancreatectomy T3N0M0 EGDS/EUS-FNA 23 28 mm Partial gastrectomy
17 Sakamoto 2018 50 Male Pancreatic tail 38 mm 2 22 G Distal pancreatectomy T4N1M0 EGDS 24 20 mm Partial gastrectomy
18 Matsumoto 2018 50 Male Pancreatic body 35 mm 3 21 G Distal pancreatectomy and partial gastrectomy Unknown CT/EUS 8 Unknown Partial gastrectomy
19 Our case 1 2019 68 Female Pancreatic body 15 mm 4 22, 19, 20, and 20 G Distal pancreatectomy and partial gastrectomy T1N1M0 Operative findings 1 Micro Partial gastrectomy
20 Our case 2 2019 70 Male Pancreatic body 34 mm 1 22 G Distal pancreatectomy and partial gastrectomy T3N0M1 Operative findings 4 Micro Partial gastrectomy
  1. Abbreviations: CT computed tomography, PET-CT positron emission tomography computed tomography, EGDS esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EUS endoscopic ultrasound, EUS-FNA endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration