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Table 3 Comparison of intraoperative and postoperative complications in the two groups

From: Analysis of the short- and long-term outcomes of membrane anatomy-guided laparoscopic spleen-preserving circumferential splenic hilar lymph node dissection for treating advanced proximal gastric cancer

  L-ASHD
n = 103
L-CSHD
n = 83
χ2 value P value
Intraoperative complications (%) 8 (7.77%) 6 (7.23%) 0.019 0.89
 Spleen injury 1 1   
 Transverse colon injury 1 1   
 Left gastric vein bleeding 2 1   
 Gastric short arteries bleeding 1 1   
 Splenic infarction 2 2   
 Splenic artery bleeding 1 0   
Postoperative complications (%) 25 (24.3) 21 (25.3) 0.026 0.872
 Anastomotic hemorrhage 2 3 0.492 0.483
 Abdominal hemorrhage 1 3 1.526 0.217
 Infection or dehiscence of the incision 0 0 / /
 Lung infection 22 11 2.069 0.15
 Intestinal obstruction 2 5 2.115 0.146
 Anastomotic leakage 1 0 0.81 0.368
 Leakage of the duodenum stump 0 0 / /
 Abdominal infection 2 0 1.645 0.2
 Chyle fistula 0 2 2.509 0.113
 Gastroparesis 2 1 0.157 0.692
Number of perioperative deaths (within 30 days after surgery) 0 0 / /
Grade of morbidity (%)    0.072 0.788
 I–II 22 (88.0) 19 (90.4)   
 III–IV 3 (12.0) 2 (9.6)   
Mortality within 30 days after surgery 0 0 / /
  1. *P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant