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Fig. 4 | World Journal of Surgical Oncology

Fig. 4

From: Total laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma under a single surgical position

Fig. 4

Representative images of the surgical procedures. a Ligation of the renal artery. b, c Pulling the ureter to expose the bladder. d Cutting off most of the bladder. e Pulling the ureter to assist in suturing the bladder. f Suturing most of the bladder. g Cutting off the remaining junction of the ureter and bladder. h Suturing the bladder completely. LRA, left renal artery; LRV, left renal vein; U, ureter; B, bladder

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