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Table 2 Description of shunt revision due to malfunction and infection

From: Clinical outcome of cerebrospinal fluid shunts in patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis

Case no. Sex/age Primary ca. Shunt type/reservoir Malfunction or infection Revision
1 M/34 NSCLC VP/programmable S. aureus infection presented as malfunction with pus discharge around the distal catheter at 1 month Shunt removal
2 F/61 Breast ca. LP/programmable S. epidermidis infection after Ommaya MTX injection Shunt removal and VP shunt 2 months later
3 F/56 Breast ca. LP/programmable S. epidermidis infection after Ommaya MTX injection Shunt removal, lumbar drainage, and re-insertion after infection control
4 F/61 NSCLC LP/programmable Wound dehiscence after Ommaya MTX injection resulted in S. epidermidis infection Shunt removal, extraventricular drainage, and re-insertion after infection control
5 F/63 NSCLC LP/programmable K. pneumoniae infection 4 days after the shunt Shunt removal and extraventricular drainage
6 F/59 NSCLC LP/programmable C. albicans infection of abdominal wound Shunt removal and VP shunt
7 F/18 MBL LP/programmable S. epidermidis infection after Ommaya MTX injection Shunt removal and re-insertion after infection control
8 F/59 NSCLC VP/programmable S. aureus infection 6 months after the shunt Shunt removal
9 F/29 GBL VP/programmable Distal catheter obstruction 3 months after the shunt Distal catheter externalization
10 F/13 MBL VP/programmable Ventricular catheter obstruction (myxoid material only) Extraventricular drainage and re-insertion
11 M/1 MBL VP/programmable Proximal catheter migration on 10 days after the shunt Shunt revision
12 M74 NSCLC LP/fixed Under-drainage without obstruction Catheter irrigation and VP shunt later
13 F/52 NSCLC LP/fixed Distal catheter (pre-peritoneal) malposition Distal wound revision
14 M/52 NSCLC LP/fixed Proximal catheter obstruction LP shunt removal and VP shunt
15 M/54 NSCLC LP/fixed Under-drainage without obstruction LP shunt removal and ventricular Ommaya
16 M/53 AOG LP/fixed Distal catheter leakage with reservoir LP shunt removal and VP shunt
17 F/8 MBL VP/fixed Intolerable over-drainage Revision with programmable valve
  1. Abbreviations: AOG anaplastic oligodendroglioma, GBL glioblastoma, LP lumboperitoneal, MBL medulloblastoma, MTX methotrexate, NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer, VP ventriculoperitoneal