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Table 3 Comparison of complications of TP and TR prostate biopsy

From: Transperineal versus transrectal prostate biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Total population Rectal bleeding Acute retention of urine Hematuria Fever Pain
TP TR TP TR TP TR TP TR TP TR TP TR
Hara et al., 2007, Japan [21] 126 120 0 0 2 3 13 11 0 2 NA
Takenaka et al., 2008, Japan [22] 100 100 0 1 2 3 11 12 1 2 NA
Tian et al., 2014, China [31] 175 137 0 7 10 8 12 11 6 13 16 11
Yuan et al., 2014, China [13] 59 97 2 49 4 7 25 53 2 15 NA
Cerruto et al., 2014, Italy [23] 54 54 0 4 0 1 5 0 0 1 NA
Guo et al., 2015, China [20] 173 166 0 16 NA 33 37 2 9 58 26
Franco et al., 2017, Italy [17] 125 132 0 4 2 3 3 3 NA 0 3
Total Number 812 806 2 81 20 25 102 127 11 42 74 40
RR (95% CI), TR as the control group / 0.02 (0.01–0.06) 0.89 (0.50–1.59) 0.79 (0.63–1.01) 0.26 (0.14–0.48) 1.83 (1.27–2.65)
  1. Abbreviations: TP transperineal, TR transrectal, RR relative risk, NA not available