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Table 3 Complications

From: Postoperative morbidity of complete mesocolic excision and central vascular ligation in right colectomy: a retrospective comparative cohort study

  Conventional group CME/CVL group p value
n = 84 n = 71  
Intraoperative apparent complications 12 (14.3) 14 (19.7) 0.367
 Vascular injuries 4 (4.8) 7 (9.9) 0.218
 Blood loss (ml)* 300 (50–4000) 100 (40–800) < 0.001
Post-operative complications
 Clavien-Dindo ≥ 2 16 (19) 15 (21.1) 0.747
 Surgical site infections
  Superficial and deep incisional 13 (15.5) 8 (11.3) 0.446
  Organ/space 3 (3.6) 4 (5.6) 0.703
 Anastomotic leak 1 (1.2) 4 (5.6) 0.180
 Iatrogenic small bowel perforation 1 (1.2) 1 (1.4) 1.000
 Bleeding 4 (4.8) 2 (2.8) 0.688
 Sepsis 0 (0.0) 2 (2.8) 0.208
 Pneumonia 3 (3.6) 4 (5.6) 0.703
 Severe respiratory failure 0 (0.0) 5 (7.0) 0.019
 Pulmonary embolism 1 (1.2) 2 (2.8) 0.593
 Cardiac decompensation or atrial fibrillation 1 (1.2) 3 (4.2) 0.333
 Acute renal insufficiency 0 (0.0) 3 (4.2) 0.094
 Urinary tract infection 4 (4.8) 1 (1.4) 0.376
 Urinary retention 4 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 0.125
 90-day institutional mortality rate 0 (0.0) 5 (7.0) 0.019
  1. With percentages in parentheses unless indicated otherwise
  2. *Values are median (range)